After a remarkable win in general elections of 2018, PTI ought to form government in Pakistan. But taking over the government is not as easy peasy, neither tackling the huge challenges, anyhow this is now in Imran Khan’ hands, that how he performs, what kind of strategies he need to adopt in order to settle things up. But from a neutral point of view these things might need special attention in order to deliver.
The problem of water shortage in Pakistan has gained the momentum as our water storage capacity is only for 30 days, and Pakistan has the 4th highest rate of water use in the world. It simply means that water intensity rate – the amount of water in cubic meters used per unit of GDP is the world highest and no country’s economy is more water intensive than that of Pakistan.
The monsoon season has become erratic in the past few years. The winter season has shrunk from four to two months in many parts of the country. At the time of Pakistan’s birth in 1947, forests accounted for about 5 percent of the nation’s area, but they have now dropped to only 2 percent. Pakistan must invest in building water reservoirs and plant more trees.
It is believed that 4 out of every 10 people live on the edge of poverty line. Poverty is one of the least discussed issues in Pakistan. While many debates centre on different economic issues, poverty is mostly left out. It is quite odd that local discourse on such a serious issue is very elusive in our country.
Illiteracy & Ignorance
The educational system of Pakistan is based on unequal lines. Regional disparity is also a major cause. The schools in Baluchistan are not that much groomed as that of Punjab. It is believed that the ratio of gender discrimination is a cause which is projecting the primary school ratio of boys & girls which is 10:4 respectively. The lack of technical education is a biggest flaw in the educational policy that has never been focused before.
There are many government hospitals providing free treatment to poor people but that too is not sufficient. Patients with surgical needs are put on hold for many years because of a long waiting list. By the time of surgery date, the patient is either dead or his/her condition is worsened. Also, there are not many doctors and nurses to facilitate those people. The condition of hospitals is also not satisfactory as there are few beds for thousands of patients on average. We need to change that.
Domestic Violence, Sexual harassment, forced labor, Afghan Refugees, just a few names to address and there are many more.
A country where the average income of the people is much lower than that of developed countries, the economy depends upon a few export crops and where farming is conducted by primary methods is called developing country. We as a developing country face serious financial & economic problems such as, Burden of Internal and External Debts, Low Per Capita Income, Backward Industrial Sector, Over Dependence on Agriculture, Deficit Balance of Payment, Market Imperfection, Unproductive Use of Funds etc.
These are few of the important challenges that we face nowadays, furthermore, It is very good to see that PTI have already identified (more than) these issues earlier in their “First 100 Days” plan, but we also need to give them a constant reminder on these issues, because resolution of these major issues is matter of integrity and utmost dire need of nation. The PTI government would have to be innovative and they would have to think out of the box, to survive, even politically.